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Publications and Scientific Papers

AUREOSEAL MTA - Adhesive Dentistry and Endodontics

Adhesive Dentistry and Endodontics. Part 2: Bonding in the Root Canal System—The Promise and the Problems: A Review

By Richard S. Schwartz, DDS


One of the recent trends in endodontics has been the development of bonded obturating materials, in an effort to provide a more effective seal coronally and apically. Materials utilizing dentin adhesive technology have been borrowed from restorative dentistry and adapted to obturating materials. This review discusses the obstacles to effective bonding in the root canal system, the progress that has been made, and possible strategies for improved materials in the future… (continue in .pdf)

Microorganisms are the cause of pulpitis and apical periodontitis (1–3) as well as failure in endodontic treatment (3, 4). One goal of endodontic treatment is the reduction or elimination of microorganisms from the root canal system. Complete elimination of microorganisms can not be achieved consistently with current treatment methods, however (5, 6). Therefore, an additional goal of treatment is to seal the root canal system from the outside environment with an obturating material and entomb any residual microorganisms. None of the current dental materials provide a hermetic, leak proof seal, however (7, 8). Gutta-percha has been the traditional endodontic obturating material, used in combination with a sealer containing zinc oxide and eugenol… (continue in .pdf)

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Aureoseal MTA Bibliography (.pdf)

HYPOCLEAN - Comparison of the surface tension...

Comparison of the surface tension of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution with three new sodium hypochlorite-based endodontic irrigants

By F. Palazzi, M. Morra, Z. Mohammadi, S. Grandini & L. Giardino


To investigate the surface tension characteristics of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite and three recently introduced sodium hypochlorite solutions, which had been modified to reduce their surface… Freshly produced MilliQ water was used as a reference liquid. All measurements of surface tension were taken by the Wilhelmy plate technique, using a Cahn DCA-322 Dynamic Contact Angle Analyzer at the temperature of 22 C… (continue in .pdf)

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HYPOCLEAN - Comparative wettability of different sodium hypochlorite solutions

Comparative wettability of different sodium hypochlorite solutions

By Luciano Giardino, Marco Morra, Carlo Becce, Fernanda G. Pappen, Zahed Mohammadi & Flavio Palazzi


Success or prognosis of root canal therapy has been shown to depend on many factors, including the quality of instrumentation and irrigation which interfere in the achieved disinfection of the root canal. Several studies reported poor debridement of the root canal regardless of the instrumentation technique used [1—3]. Using the reliable micro-tomography method, high percentage of untouched root dentin surfaces after root canal instrumentation has been shown [1,3]. Deficient mechanical preparation of the current chemical-mechanical methods could offer an opportunity for microorganisms to recolonize the filled canal space, resulting in endodontic failure. Both instruments and irrigants are used in conjunction to achieve endodontic debridement, mainly in cases of teeth presenting complex anatomy, in which the anatomic irregularities are commonly untouched by instrumentation [4]… (continue in .pdf)

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HYPOCLEAN - Hypoclean Irrigation Solution by Ogna Pharmaceuticals

Heated and activated with ultrasonics.

Hypoclean Irrigation Solution by Ogna Pharmaceuticals, Italy.

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